Glossary Security 101

Data at Rest

Data stored on computers, laptops, mobile devices, and in spreadsheets, databases and information systems

Data in Transit/Motion

Transmitted via the Internet, email, or private or public networks


A free encrypted WiFi service that provides additional security on wireless networks


Process of encoding data or communications by using algorithm to transform information from a readable form (plain text) into a unreadable form, or ciphertext

Husky OnNet

A virtual private network or VPN service providing an encrypted connection to the UW from remote locations, such as from home, coffee shop or at the airport


Malicious software used to disrupt a system’s normal operation or to help cyber thieves harvest valuable data

Multi-Factor Authentication

Adds an additional layer of protection in addition to your password

Password Manager

Used to create, store, and access complex passwords as you need them; requires you to remember only one master password in order to access the others you have stored in the service


A form of Internet fraud in which cyber criminals attempt to entice victims into inadvertently surrendering UW NetIDs and passwords (credentials) and other personal information

Principle of Least Privilege

Principle that states that data, information, and information systems should be accessed only on a need-to-know basis


A type of malware (malicious software) that locks data and devices until a sum of money is paid to attackers